This dissertation aims to illustrate main requirements and barriers for making an e-Health model. We emphasized on a basic World Health Organisation‟s (WHO) definition and selected experiential strategic planning under discussion as a well-suit pattern for the e-Health care system. The resource based strategy was considered to present a holistic framework for an e-Health strategic planning. Further, an economical sub-model was essential to cover finances such as Return on Investment (ROI) and Technical Issues. While, there are many information management advantages, we have noted some problematic issues to highlight e-Health barriers. Since, we faced three main factors such as human, ICT and investment resource in e-Health care system, therefore, we selected two research methods. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to present social and natural science too. To do this, twice we conducted interviews with 75 e-Health experts. Finally, the holistic and conceptual model and financial sub-model were designed.
Road map of strategies; e-Health strategic planning; core philosophical perspectives; ROI strategy.
The concept of competitiveness has attracted abundant attentions of both scholars and governors during the past decade. During this period, the world economic forum has published its annual reports which encompass Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) in order to measure national competitiveness in different countries. This paper aims at investigating the interaction between the two sets of “Technological readiness” and “Macroeconomic environment” as the two basic pillars of national competitiveness in order to provide information for improving national competitiveness in countries which are transiting from stage I to stage II of deveopment. In our study, we used descriptive-correlation methodology. The statistical population was 139 countries whose GCI data were included in GCI 2010 report. Also, we employed Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) to investigate interaction between two sets of “Technological readiness” and “Macroeconomic environment”. Our findings show that there is a significant and positive relationship between the set of “Technological readiness” and that of “Macroeconomic environment”.
Global Competitiveness; Technological readiness; Macroeconomic environment; Canonical Correlation Analysis
The basic question of this research is whether markets react to company deviations from their dividend trends? To answer this question, we have studied shareholders reaction to changes after any of the three types of ascending, descending and unchanged trends. For this purpose, company dividends were studied during the years 1995 to 2007. We have used Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and Fama & French three factors model to check shareholders reactions and to determine the significance of the results using t-test at levels α= 0.01, 0.05, 0.1. The results show that markets show a positive reaction to all positive deviations. With respect to the negative ones, we should attend to the former trends, because contrary to our supposition dividends's decline showed a positive reaction after a descending trend. When a company has no deviation from the historical trends, usually markets do not show unexpected reaction. In contrast to many previous studies, the results of this study show that markets react to positive news more than to negative ones
Dividend trend; Deviation from dividend trend; Reaction of market; Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM); Fama & French three factors model
The Theory of Constraints (TOC) is a systems approach based on the assumption that every organization has at least one factor that inhibits the organization’s ability to meet its objectives. The normal objective is to maximize profit. Hence, TOC emphasizes the maximization of profit by assuring that the factor that limits production is used most efficiently. This theory was first described by E. M. Goldratt, and it has been used at three different levels: Production Management (To solve problems of bottlenecks), Scheduling, and Inventory Reduction.
System constraint; Throughput, Inertia; Weakest link; Subordination
Recent research on leadership has proven that self-awareness is an important factor influencing leadership. Having used an empirical research methodology, Avolio and Gardner espoused a comprehensive definition of self-awareness; they like other positivists, in general, assume empirical science to be the only valid scientific method for the study of self-awareness. Despite positivists’ beliefs and assumptions (ontology and epistemology) that science is a value-free enterprise, Avolio and Gardner consider morals and ethics as foundational resources for achieving self-awareness, thereby injecting values into studies of self-awareness. In our opinion, although Avolio and Gardner endeavored to explain self-awareness comprehensively, using strictly empirical approaches, they nevertheless could not come up with a comprehensive explanation. This article aims to study, analyze and critique Avolio and Gardner’s perspectives, and the epistemology and methodology that have lead to their conclusions. By referring to the ontology, epistemology and methodology of Allamah Tabatabaie, this article critiques Avolio and Gardner’s epistemological and methodological approaches. According to Allamah Tabatabaie reaching self-awareness requires a type of knowledge beyond empirical scientific approaches currently popular in the west. Allamah Tabatabaie believes self-awareness requires both knowledge-through presence2 and acquired knowledge. These two forms of knowledge must be guided, directed and supported through the four foundational beliefs of the Abrahamic faiths presented within this paper. The four foundational beliefs are necessary for initiating and continuing knowledge creation and gain, so as to prevent these activities from being misled by human caprice and entering into a realm of imagination and wishful thinking
Leadership; Acquired knowledge; Knowledge-through-presence.
World Class Manufacturing offers a consistent and rigorous problem-solving framework for identifying the scope of the problem, eliciting participant views about problem causes and system connections, and identifying policy levers. Reliability, quality, and cost are linked, with higher quality being associated with higher reliability. Iran auto part industry has achieved many capabilities in supplying auto parts in the country. However, most of the Iranian auto part producers have not acceded to global markets. The purpose of this research is identifying the most important export barriers in this industry. So, a theoretical framework of export barriers based on variables effect on competitive advantage in global markets, export barriers, and export performance is developed. It includes seven variables: factor condition, demand conditions, related and supporting industries, firm strategy and structure, government, target market conditions and chance. The data used in this research was collected through a survey of top managers of auto- parts producing companies in the Tehran province. The results show that all 7 main variables were supported as export barriers by the respondents, though some of the measures in these variables were not recognized as an export barrier. Also, their priority was determined
World-class; Competitive advantage in global markets; Auto part industry.
As organizations move toward more comprehensive commercial environments, the processes that shape such environments get enriched in their knowledge and awareness. On the other hand, as advanced technologies form customer expectations, the organizations come under pressure to improve their work processes and their competitive position. At the time of economic development, emergence of new business opportunities, new competitors, service organizations, beneficial organizations, industrial parks, banks, etc. organizations have to suitably organize their processes in order to achieve their desired development or at least to preserve their current share. Making macro strategies of customer knowledge management is one of the tools that if paid enough attention, can remove a lot of the concerns of organizations' authorities. The objective of this research is to help organizations understand the effective factors in implementing macro strategies of customer knowledge management, and determining their importance for the organization. In this regard, the researchers have tested the effectiveness of the effective factors in implementing the macro strategies of customer knowledge management in manufacturing companies of Tehran, in 2011. These factors are the results of previous researches, especially the conceptual model presented by Quaddus and Xu (2004). In this research, all factors of the model (including personal, organizational, and CKM-related factors) were recognized as effective in implementing the macro strategies of customer knowledge management. Besides, according to the obtained results, CKM-related factors have been more effective in implementing the macro strategies of customer knowledge management than the two other groups of factors. Moreover, in the eyes of managers and technicians of these organizations, some factors including senior managers' support, IT grounds of organizations, compatibility to the industry, and obtained advantages by people have been more effective in implementing the macro strategies of the customer knowledge management
Customer Knowledge Management; Customer Relationship Management
Integrating flexible job-shop scheduling problem (FJSP) with preventive maintenance (PM) is pondered in this paper. Minimizing the makespan for scheduling part and minimizing the system unavailability for maintenance part are simultaneously under consideration. For doing it, the assignment of n jobs on m machines in production side and executing the PM actions at appropriate time intervals in maintenance part are carried out at the same time. Also, for carrying out the maintenance side, reliability model is employed. Moreover, number of maintenance actions and maintenance intervals are not fixed in advanced. In order to ensure of obtained results, two multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (NSGA-II and NRGA) are compared. Besides, these genetic algorithms were hybridized with both well-known composite dispatching rule (CDR) and active scheduling and then compared as a two new evolutionary algorithms named CDRNSGA-II and CDRNRGA. Furthermore, the algorithms are compared with more than 4800 test instances.
Scheduling, Flexible job shop, Preventive maintenance, Genetic algorithm, Reliability, Multi-objective optimization
Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) system is a mechanism where the supplier creates the purchase orders based on the demand information exchanged by the retailer/customer. In this paper, the performance of the traditional and VMI system is compared by using EOQ model. Mathematical modeling is applied and total inventory cost in the supply chain is used as the performance measure. The supply chain is considered in two levels, i.e., buyer and supplier, with the assumption that the supplier faces n buyers and more products as the contract party. Results of proposed model of VMI are clearly better than traditional model. In order to make the model more applicable to real-world production and inventory control problems, we expand this model by assuming a multi-product economic order quantity problem with limited warehouse-space and capital limitation. Under this condition, we formulate the problem as a non-linear integer programming model and propose a genetic algorithm to solve it. Moreover, design of experiments is employed to calibrate the parameters of the algorithm for different problem sizes. At the end, we present a numerical example to demonstrate the application of the proposed methodology.
Vendor managed inventory, Genetic algorithm, Economic order quantity, Design of experiments, Mathematical modeling
The main objective of this paper is identification and categorization elements and areas of forming and outbreak individual’s tacit knowledge and finding approaches for capturing individual’s knowledge. This is a research article providing an insight about tools that can be used for create and capturing tacit knowledge. To confirm the validity of model a questionnaire was designed, applied and then analyzed by some statistical methods. The paper provides a model that can be applied to Iranian organizations practically. Validity of this model is confirmed by polling the opinion of knowledge staff, data analyzing and statistical test. The paper may be beneficial for training and creating knowledge and organizational learning. The paper may be of high value to researchers in the knowledge management field and to practitioners involved with KM adoption in the organizations. It gives practical advises for creating and capturing tacit knowledge.
Intelligence`s kinds, Organizational knowledge, Achievement approaches, Learning by intelligences, Nurturing skills of knowledge`s creating and transmission.
Much of the research on operations scheduling problems has either ignored setup times or assumed that setup times on each machine are independent of the job sequence. This paper deals with the hybrid flow shop scheduling problems in which there are sequence dependent setup times, commonly known as the SDST hybrid flow shops. This type of production system is found in industries such as chemical, textile, metallurgical, printed circuit board, and automobile manufacture. With the increase in manufacturing complexity, conventional scheduling techniques for generating a reasonable manufacturing schedule have become ineffective. A particle swarm optimization algorithm can be used to tackle complex problems and produce a reasonable manufacturing schedule within an acceptable time. This paper describes a novel particle swarm optimization algorithm approach to the scheduling of a SDST hybrid flow shop. An overview of the hybrid flow shops and the basic notions of a PSO are first presented. Subsequently, the details of a NPSO approach are described and implemented. The results obtained are compared with those computed by Random Key Genetic Algorithm presented previously.
Short-term scheduling; Hybrid flow shops; Sequence dependent setup times; Makespan; Particle Swarm Optimization
In this paper, we examine the phenomenon of Short-term overreaction and the existence of price limits on the Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) which is based on a sample of listed stocks on the TSE for the period 2003-2008. An event study methodology is used in which the event is defined as an increase or decrease in the stock price that activates the price limit for one, two or three days. The findings confirm the occurrence of short-term overreactions on the TSE during the period under investigation, and that the price reversals cannot be attributed to the size effect.
Overreaction, Price limits, Event study, Tehran stock exchange
In this paper, we study the problem of multi-criteria ABC inventory classification using an efficient artificial immune algorithm (AIA) to partially alter the traditionally incomprehensive attitude of single objective consideration of inventory control problems. Therefore, we simultaneously endeavor to investigate two different subjects. First, we incorporate various criteria such as annual dollar usage, lead time, criticality, commonality, obsolescence and substitutability into the problem of ABC inventory classification. This method is regarded in lieu of mere consideration of the annual dollar usage criteria in the traditional ABC inventory classification. Second, the proposed AIA delays the algorithm convergence due to its restraining mechanism; meanwhile, it alleviates the problem of premature convergence of existing genetic algorithm to end up with more precise ABC inventory classification. Finally, we draw an analogy between the results obtained from both algorithms applied to a real case study present in the literature. The superiority and effectiveness of our AIA is inferred from all the results obtained in various situations
Inventory management, Multi-criteria analysis; ABC classification; Artificial immune algorithm
The current study aimed at identifying the obstacles in front of the implementation of Iran's strategic program of Ministry of Sciences, Researches and Technology according to the goals of the 2026 vision agenda. Statistical population was management professors of governmental universities of Tehran with total of 195 professors, of which a sample of 110 professors were chosen by means of Cochran formula in 2010-2011 academic years. The method used was descriptive survey. Quadruple dimensions Likret questionnaire which was prepared by Delphi technique was used for collecting information. And techniques of descriptive and analytical statistics were used to analyze findings. The test for hypotheses examination is nonparametric goodness evaluation test. Results of findings show that: successive changes of high-ranking managers, ignorance of quality promotion of human resources in accomplishment of strategic program, structural centralization in universities and lack of risk-taking institutes to commercialize the technology is seen as major obstacle in front of fulfillment of the 1404 vision agenda goals. Also samples were analyzed by Kruskal Wallis formula and results shows that there is no significant relation between scientific level, ages, and background of professors
Strategic program, Vision, Decentralization, Commercialization
The purpose of present research is to identifyrelationship between organizational climate with job motivation, and organizational citizenship behavior at the Bu-Ali Sina university. The research method is descriptive- correlation. Statistical population included all staff (non-faculty employees) comprised of 750 people, and the sample size of 250 subjects was determined based on the cochran formula. The sampling method used is proportional stratified random sampling. Data collected were used from two questionnaires with thses items: organizational climate questionnaire of sasman and diep, organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire of graham, and job motivation questionnaire of lodahl and kejnar. For appointment of questionnaires, validity of the method, content-related validity, and to assess scale the reliability of the questionnaires, cronbach'salpha coefficient was used. Reliability coefficient was calculated for the questionnaires. It was estimated to be 0.77, 0.90 and 0.77 respectively. Results of the level of organizational climate, job motivation, and organizational citizenship behavior was above the average level. Pearson correlation coefficient revealed that there is a significant positive correlation between organizational climate and job motivation, and organizational citizenship behavior. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that the components of organizational climate, factors of reward satisfactionand role clearness and agreement are most effective in predicting job motivation, and the factor of aim clearness and agreement has the highest impact prediction of organizational citizenship behavior
Organizational climate, Job motivation, Organizational citizenship behavior, Bu-Ali Sina university
This research was conducted to survey the relationship between learning school and readiness for change in one of the non-profit educational complexes in Tehran. Learning school, that is derived from learning organization concept, consists of two aspects based on Bowen’s et al. definition, and readiness for change is defined in three aspects using the concept by Dunham et al.. Measuring tools in this research include two of Bowen’s et al. SSP-LO (School Success Profile-Learning Organization) questionnaires, and Dunham’s readiness for change questionnaire whose reliability based on Cronbach's Alpha index was calculated to be 0.94 and 0.87, respectively. To test the research hypotheses, parametric individual T-test and pearson’s correlation coefficient were used in addition to descriptive statistics. The research results showed that 1) there is a meaningful relationship between learning school and readiness for change; 2) a significant relationship was found between actions of learning school and readiness for change; and 3) no meaningful relationship was determined between feelings of learning school and readiness for change.
Aspects of learning school; Readiness for change; Actions; Feelings.
The main aim of this paper is to examine the constitutive dimensions and parameters of the studied organizational culture, in the framework of a national model. The paper is based on a research, and the designed model for assessing organizational culture can be used in Iranian organizations. Theoretical principals, upstream documents, religious principals, and a comparative study based on interviews made with managers, has been used to design this model. Also, the model validated survey researches. Questionnaires were designed and theCronbach alpha test, resulted in 0.89. Using Cokran formula, a sample of 1480 persons were selected for this survey, and the results were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. Results show that there is a correlation between dimensions and parameters of designed organizational culture model.
Pattern; Organizational culture; Iranian organizations; Native
Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) is the core concept of relationship marketing and is increasingly addressed in scholarly and business articles. However, there is a big gap in the literature to make CLV thoroughly applicable in business. This paper aims to illuminate the trend of CLV by critical analysis of the literature. For this purpose, after revealing the scoping map of the research area, CLV concepts, the proposed mathematical models besides its techniques and mentioned categorization, its application, and its limitations are investigated. The research exposes the need to a comprehensive model for increasing the applicability of CLV. In addition, the scoping map illuminates the need for more research in the area of implementation and validation.
Customer Lifetime Value; CRM; Valuation; Customer retention; Relationship marketing.
This article investigates the Iranian consumer behavior about green products. Their environmental beliefs and their decision making process in purchasing green/eco-friendly products. In this paper it has been attempted to collect data by using a questionnaire including 34 questions. The respondents were 272 civilians who lived in Tehran and at least had diplomas. In our research we used data correlation analysis, and for supplemental analysis t-student analysis and one-way ANOVA were used. Results show that a positive correlation exists between environmental opinions and green purchasing behavior, between previous experiences of consumers and perceived quality of green goods, as well as, between perceived quality of green products and green purchasing behavior. But there is no significant correlation between verbal advertising and perceived quality of green products. Thus, the conclusion is that (according to a positive opinion about environment among Iranian consumers and its positive correlation with green purchasing behavior) if they can ensure the quality of green products, they will decide to buy these products. studying of the Iranian consumers’ behavior toward green products would be useful to politicians and companies who are willing to participate in green products industry, to place effective policies and strategies to protect the environment, and also persuade investors to bring more financial support. Moreover, the result will provide more evidence about the differences between consumers behavior in different countries around the eco-friendly products.
Consumer behavior; Word of mouth (WOM); Perceived quality; Green purchasing behavior; Green products.
Crude oil Prices, exchange rates and the price of gold are used as macroeconomic factors could affect stock exchange market if changes in these variables could cause fluctuation in stock exchange Price index and in turn increase the risk of activity in the markets. Considering the importance of these variables, the impact of global crude oil prices, exchange rates and the price of gold coins on the Tehran stock exchange price index return volatility is surveyed. Stationary adjusted dickey fuller test is first generalized. Descriptive statistics are presented, and then TEPIX index returns are modeled. Results indicate that there was heterogeneity in variance, so the use of the model the GARCH is possible. After modeling returns volatility in the market price and Diagnostic tests that showed the model fitness, it was clarified that the changes in the price of crude oil, significantly cause volatility returns in stock exchange market.But results showed that changes in the price of gold coin and exchange rate has no significant effect on the Tehran Stock Exchange. It makes sense that the stock of a single item in a country such as Iran with a heavy reliance on crude oil price, are being affected by the changes. This means that in addition to the probable effects of crude oil price, any changes in the price can also cause volatility and uncertainty in the Tehran Stock Exchange
Crude oil prices; Exchange rates; Price of gold; Tehran stock exchange market; General Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH).
Impulsive buying is one of the ways of buying in which there is a short time interval between viewing the goods and deciding to buy them. Nowadays, the investigating of the process of impulsive buying, as one of the methods of increasing sales rate, is prevalent in many retail and production units. This research aims at investigating impulsive buying constituents and also factors increasing impulsive buying rate with regard to consumption and nondurable goods. This research is carried out using an applied approach in which a questionnaire-based survey is carried out, with the consumers of consumption and nondurable goods regarded as its source of data and information. A total of 384 usable questionnaires were collected and analyzed utilizing correlation and regression analysis to establish the relationships in the model. The results provide a more comprehensive perspective of impulsive buying. Also, the results show that discount shopping, store’s layout and decoration, having credit cards, as well as, income levels influence customers’ impulsive buying, respectively.
Impulsive buying; Nondurable goods; Store’s layout and decoration; Discount shoppin
Successful enterprises need knowledge and cognition of the effective sub-criteria of creativity and analysis of the relations between individual, organizational and individual creativity factors. The aim of this research is to investigate interactions among individual and organizational factors which affect individual creativity, and their influences on individual creativity within a knowledge-based research firm. For this purpose, data were collected from answers to a questionnaire by some 324 people of the enterprise’s employees. Research method of this article was descriptive-correlative. Focus correlation analysis was applied for evaluating interactions between the criteria. The results indicate that the “individual factors” are strongly correlated with “organizational factors”, while the organic structure has the most influences on individual creativity
Creativity; Capability; Personality Characteristics; Motivation; Organic Structure; Financial Control; Supportive Leadership Style and Reward System
One important concept which plays a critical role in marketing is positioning and especially brand positioning. In recent years, the increasing amount of various types of imported products in home appliances industry and the protective policies regarding domestic products set by the Iranian government have led to a new competitive phase in this industry. In this study, for identifying the competitive position and status of the companies' brands which are active in home appliances industry, Emersun Company (Domestic producer, Iranian Brand) and LG Company (Korean Brand) were selected to be assessed through the perspectives of their customers, their most valuable asset. Here, an attempt has been made to draw a perceptual map of Emersun and LG companies' brands based on fundamental concepts of the marketing science. A number of retailers of two companies' in three areas; Shari'ati, Amin-Hozoor, and Jomhoori Streets were selected through stratified sampling.Then 390 customers of these retailers were randomly selected. Questionnaires were used as research instruments to get customers’ views. The questionnaire's validity was established by banking experts and marketing university instructors, and its reliability was checked by Cronbach’s a (Alpha) Coefficient. According to the results obtained from the tests and the perceptual maps, LG Company is found to have a better position in comparison with Emersun Company in the three marketing mix variables except price. Thus, it could be concluded that LG Company is in a better position than Emersun. Accordingly, the policy makers of these two companies are recommended to take the results of this study into consideration and draw perceptual maps on a regular basis to strengthen their competitive positions
Positioning; Brand; Perceptual Map; Home Appliances
Employeeburnout is a concern for most of the organizations today. It is critical for firms to understand how they can prevent employee burnout and provide a positive workplace to maintain their talents. On the other hand, spiritual intelligence as a new capability in perceiving the world is considered by managers recently as a way of maintaining employees’ psychological healthiness. Regarding effects on the level of individual perception, this research is conducted to investigate the relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Burn out of Information Technology staffs. Four dimensions of spiritual intelligence by King (2008), namely, aspects of critical existential thinking, personal meaning production, transcendental awareness, and conscious state expansion are being discussed in this study. Structural equation modeling analysis of survey data from a group of 130 information Technology personnel revealed that Spiritual Intelligence has a strong direct effect on Burn Out.
Spiritual Intelligence; Burn out; Information Technology Staffs; Structural Equation Modelling
To cope with the changing environment, Iran's banking system should recognize the needs and expectations of the customers. The main target of this research is to recognize which dimensions of service quality are more important for Iranian customers and the extent to which customers' expectations of quality of services are met. In this regard, numerous studies were considered to develop the conceptual model of this research. Then, this model was modified based on the recommendations of some banking experts and university lecturers. The Statistical population of this research includes customers in ten different commercial banks in ten different provinces of the country. This population was classified based on the provinces and banks and then customers were taken from each class randomly. Finally, 555 questionnaires were collected. To analyze the data, ANOVA and Structural Equation Modeling techniques were conducted by SPSS and LISREL soft ware. Findings indicate a positive relationship between dimensions of service quality and customers' perception of the quality
Customer Expectations; Perception of the Quality; Service Quality
The “Know about Business (KAB) model”, is one of the valid models for teaching entrepreneurship in fields of skill-based education which has been prepared and developed by the international Labor Organization (ILO). The present research aims to investigate the effectiveness of educating entrepreneurship model in three areas of the learners’ personal attitude, life styles and the behavioral patterns. The research conducted through the mixed methodologies using interview in the qualitative section and quasi experimental in the quantitative section with pretests and posttests. The participants of the study were 35 apprentices of the entrepreneurship courses in one of the Institute of Directorate of Technical Education and Vocational Alborz Province who were evaluated before and after the course. In data collection, Questionnaires’ both face and content validity and reliability were confirmed by specialists through Chronbach's Alpha as (0.74), respectively. Data analysis was done by SPSS and to investigate the research hypotheses, tests of Wilcoxon, Levine, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and t-test were applied. Results indicated that teaching “knowing about business” (KAB) entrepreneurship did have a significance effect on the learners’ behavioral patterns and living styles, but in case of the personal life was ineffective
Knowing about Business; Entrepreneurship; Behavioral Pattern; Life Style; Effectiveness.
The present research examines the relationship between managers’ strategic thinking and employees’ resistance to preplanned changes in Telecommunications Company of Golestan Province. The research is a descriptive correlational study. The data were collected using two separate questionnaires including a ‘researcher-developed strategic thinking questionnaire’, and a ‘standard resistance to change questionnaire’. The reliability coefficients of the abovementioned questionnaires are 0.82 and 0.86, respectively. Cronbach’s Alpha test was used to measure the reliability coefficients. The content validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by asking for the opinions of strategic management, change management and organizational behavior scholars. According to the results, there is a significant negative (inverse) relationship between ‘managers’ strategic thinking’ and ‘employees’ resistance to change’. No significant relationship was observed between systems thinking and emotional resistance, opportunism and different dimensions of resistance; and futurism and behavioral resistance. The results also show that among the components of predictive variable, the relationship between systems thinking and conceptual thinking has the most influence on reducing the resistance. On the other hand, futurism variable had the least influence on reducing resistance.
Characteristics of Strategic Thinking; Dimensions of Resistance to Change; Golestan-Province Telecommunication Company
The purpose of this research is to identify relationship between transformational leadership with job satisfaction, and organizational innovation in secondary schools of the Hamadan province.The research method is descriptive- correlation. Statistical population included all teachers comprised of 8640 people, and the sample size of 368 subjects was determined based on the Cochran formula. The sampling method used is proportional stratified random sampling. Data collected were used from three questionnaires with these items: transformational leadership questionnaire of Bass and Avolio, job satisfaction questionnaire of Brayfield & Rothe, and organizational innovation questionnaire of Ettlie and O'Keefe. For appointment of questionnaires validity, of the method content-related validity, and to assess scale the reliability of the questionnaires, Cronbach's Alpha coefficient was used. It was estimated 0.94, 0.84 and 0.78 respectively. Results situation of transformational leadership, job satisfaction, and organizational innovation was above the average level. Pearson correlation coefficient revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between transformational leadership with job satisfaction, and organizational innovation. The finding of multiple regression analysis indicated that the components of transformational leadership, Factor of individual considerationis most effective in predicting job satisfaction, and the factors of individual consideration and idealized influence have the highest impact prediction of organizational innovation.
Idealized Influence; Individual Consideration; Job Satisfaction; Organizational Innovation; Transformational Leadership